Founded in 1924, Shorenstein Properties LLC is a privately-owned, real estate firm active nationally in the ownership and management of high-quality office properties, with offices in San Francisco and New York. Starting in 1992, Shorenstein has sponsored ten closed-end investment funds with total equity commitments of $6.7 billion, of which Shorenstein committed $573.5 million. Shorenstein uses its integrated investment and operating capabilities to take advantage of those opportunities, which, at the particular time in the investment cycle, offer the most attractive risk-adjusted returns. Investments have included ground-up developments, asset repositionings and stabilized assets; investment structures have included asset acquisitions, mezzanine loans, preferred equity investments and structured joint ventures. These funds have invested in properties totaling 53.5 million square feet in transactions with a gross investment value in excess of $12.1 billion.